From Science 2 School: Sustainably healthy – active & veggy

Survey of the prevalence of vegetarian diets linked to sports & physical exercise
among Austrian pupils, teachers and principals of secondary levels I and II

Join us in the Austria-wide school study!

From Science 2 School is the first study in which a scale of movement patterns are linked to various diets (traditional, current trends) in the school context.

In order to make informed statements, a large number of subjects are needed.

Through an online survey, this Austria-wide school study will be available to all pupils, teachers, and principals of secondary levels I and II. The survey will examine the topics of sports & physical exercise, diet, and health.
Therefore, we would like to kindly invite all pupils, teachers, and principals of secondary levels I and II in Austria to participate!

Be part of it!

In Austria, approximately 2,680 schools operate at secondary level I and/or II with approximately 771,500 pupils and 89,240 teachers/principals.

For this school-study to obtain meaningful results and to be carried out successfully, it is very important that all possible pupils, teachers, and principals participate.

Let’s reach for the stars together and set a milestone: every individual counts!
Be there, join us, and many thanks!

Aim

From Science 2 School will be through the University College of Teacher Education Tyrol (PHT – Pädagogischen Hochschule Tirol) in the area of Sport Didactics/Sport Pedagogy as a didactic research project carried out at the Department of Subject Didactics and Educational Research and Development (expert team: „Physcial Activity, Sports & Health“). This Austria-wide school study is funded by the Tiroler Wissenschaftsförderung (TWF), supported by the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research (BMBWF – Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Forschung, Abteilung I/7 – Schul- und Universitätssport), and approved by all 9 Austrian Federal Education Authorities (Bildungsdirektionen).

This interdisciplinary project (Sports Science, Nutrition Science) is the first study to survey the prevalence of different diets linked to sports & physical exercise in the school context.

(1) Bentham J, et al.; NCD Risk Factor Collabortion (NCD-RisC) (2017) Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults. The Lancet, 390(10113):2627-2642.
(2) BMG –Bundesministerium für Gesundheit; Griebler R, Winkler P, Bengough T (2016) Österreichischer Kinder- und Jugendgesundheitsbericht. Ergebnisbericht: 67-68, 71, 78-79.
(3) BMG – Bundesministerium für Gesundheit; Ramelow D, Teutsch F, Hofmann F, Felder-Puig R; Ludwig Boltzmann Institut Health Promotion Research (2015) Gesundheit und Gesundheitsverhalten von österreichischen Schülern und Schülerinnen. Ergebnisse des WHO-HBSC-Survey 2014: 7-8, 10-11.
(4) Lehrplan AHS Unterstufe (Sekundarstufe I) (AHS, 2018a). Anlage A: Erster Teil. Allgemeines Bildungsziel, Punkt 5. Bildungsbereiche. Gesundheit und Bewegung: 10; Sechster Teil. Lehrpläne der einzelnen Unterrichtsgegenstände. Pflichtgegenstand Bewegung und Sport. Beiträge zu Bildungsbereichen: 111. www.bmb.gv.at/schulen/unterricht/lp/lp_ahs_unterstufe.html, (9. 1. 2018).
(5) Lehrplan AHS Oberstufe (Sekundarstufe II) (AHS, 2018b). Anlage D: Erster Teil. Allgemeines Bildungsziel, Punkt 5. Bildungsbereiche. Gesundheit und Bewegung: 10; Sechster Teil. Lehrpläne der einzelnen Unterrichtsgegenstände. Pflichtgegenstand Bewegung und Sport. Beiträge zu Bildungsbereichen: 115. www.bmb.gv.at/schulen/unterricht/lp/lp_ahs_oberstufe.html, (9. 1. 2018).
(6) Lehrplan der Neuen Mittelschule (NMS, 2018). Anlage 1: Erster Teil. Allgemeines Bildungsziel, Punkt 5. Bildungsbereiche. Gesundheit und Bewegung: 5; Sechster Teil. Lehrpläne der einzelnen Unterrichtsgegenstände. Pflichtgegenstand Bewegung und Sport. Beiträge zu Bildungsbereichen: 102. www.bmb.gv.at/schulen/unterricht/lp/lp_nms.html, (9. 1. 2018).

Timescale

Questionnaire

Partners

(alphabetical order)

Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Forschung. Sektion I – Allgemeinbildung und Berufsbildung
Bildungsdirektion Burgenland
Bildungsdirektion Kärnten
Bildungsdirektion Niederösterreich
Bildungsdirektion Oberösterreich
Bildungsdirektion Salzburg
Bildungsdirektion Steiermark
Bildungsdirektion Tirol
Bildungsdirektion Vorarlberg
Bildungsdirektion Wien
Department für Medizinische Statistik, Informatik und Gesundheitsökonomie
FZ Medical Humanities – Universität Innsbruck
Institut für Sportwissenschaft – Universität Innsbruck
ITEG IT-Engineers GmbH
Academic Research Cluster in Tirol - Life & Health Sciences
Pädagogische Hochschule Tirol (PHT)
Tiroler Wissenschaftsförderung und Fachhochschulfinanzierung - Land Tirol

Support

Exercise and eating habits are key factors for good or poor health; their influence together is of crucial importance for the prevention or the development of chronic (so-called non-communicable) diseases.
If valid data can be utilized for school sports in Austria as an achievement of this research project, then it will be very important to think about and plan further improvements for the basic conditions of “health” at Austrian schools.

Oberrat VR Mag. Günther Apflauer, Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Research, Section I – General education and vocational training, Department 1/7 School and University sports, Vienna Austria
In our society, hypertension, overweight, and diabetes are diseases in three of every four people – lifestyle factors contribute to their creation. With a healthy diet and regular exercise from childhood, these diseases and their consequences on the heart, brain, and blood vessels can usually be prevented.
This school study makes an important contribution to raising awareness of healthy eating and exercise among pupils and parents.
Priv. Doz. OÄ. Dr. Sabine Perl, President of the Austrian Society for Hypertensiology, University Clinic for Internal Medicine Graz, Department of Cardiology, Graz Austria

Cardiovascular diseases together with cerebrovascular diseases were the most common causes of death for the Tyrolean population, about one of three deaths in 2018 was due to these diseases (Statistics Austria). Adjusting one’s lifestyle can prevent great suffering and enormous costs for the health system. We can sense the great potential of nutrition in the prevention of so-called non-communicable diseases. For example, when studying the Adventist Health Study II: Omnivores suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus almost twice as often as people who eat a purely plant-based diet. Physical activity and exercise also play an important role in the prevention of fatal diseases, but also for our mental health. Therefore, preventive measures should start in childhood. Valid data is essential for this. The study “Sustainably healthy - active & veggy” can make a priceless contribution here.

Dr. med. Simon Straub, Specialist in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, specializing in pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Innsbruck University Clinics, Tyrol Clinics, Innsbruck, Austria

Diet and exercise affect the cardiovascular system, metabolism, musculoskeletal system and much more and are undoubtedly a priority for the prevention of diseases that have become endemic today.
This also applies to the treatment of diseases, but the following still applies: “Prevention is better than reversal”. And prevention begins in the womb.
There are studies that have already shown the relationship between diet and exercise and the diseases mentioned during pregnancy. Well structured studies of childhood on this topic-complex are rare. Therefore, the study “Sustainably healthy - active & veggie” is absolutely welcome.

Dr. med. Charlotte Wagner, Specialist in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatric Intensive Care Medicine, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Innsbruck University Clinics, Tyrol Clinics, Innsbruck, Austria

Team

Study Coordinator

Assistent

IT-Coordinator

Publications

  • Wirnitzer KC (2019). From Science 2 School: Sustainably healthy – active & veggy. Science transferred to healthy actons in the Austrian secondary school setting. Proceedings: 18. ICNM – International Conference on Nutrition in Medicine, July 25-27, 2019, Washington, D.C., USA.

  • Wirnitzer KC (2019). From Science 2 School: Sustainably healthy – active & veggy. Survey of the prevalence of vegetarian diets linked to sports and physical exercise among Austrian pupils, teachers and principals of secondary level I and II. Poster Presentations, ICNM – International Conference on Nutrition in Medicine, July 26-27, 2019, Washington, D.C., USA.

  • Wirnitzer K (2019). From Science 2 School: Nachhaltig gesund – bewegt & veggie. Forschungsskizze. transfer Forschung <> Schule, Heft 5, S. 241-243.

  • Wirnitzer KC (2019). Vegan Diet in Health, Sports & Exercise: A dual approach for better public health – Lessons to be learned. 3rd SYMPOSIUM ON AYURVEDA, YOGA AND MEDITATION: Integrative health prevention approaches. 13. Dezember 2019, Medical University of Graz (MUG), Austria.

  • Wirnitzer KC (2020). Vegan Diet in Sports and Exercise. Health Benefits and Advantages to Athletes and Physically Active People. A Narrative Review. Int J Sports Exerc Med 2020, 6(3):165. DOI: 10.23937/2469-5718/1510165. Open Access: https://clinmedjournals.org/articles/ijsem/international-journal-of-sports-and-exercise-medicine-ijsem-6-165.php and https://clinmedjournals.org/articles/ijsem/international-journal-of-sports-and-exercise-medicine-ijsem-6-165.pdf